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基于VLBI和GPS测量2009年7月22日日全食期间电离层TEC变化
Alternative TitleIonospheric TEC Measurement with VLBI and GPS During the Total Solar Eclipse of 22 July 2009
舒逢春1; 郭丽1; 刘敏2; 郑为民1; 王伟华1; 叶其欣2; 艾力·玉苏甫3; 近藤哲朗4; 市川隆一4
2009
Source Publication科技导报
ISSN1000-7857
Volume27Issue:15Pages:19-24
Contribution Rank3
Abstract

2009年7月22日上午发生的日全食是21世纪全食持续时间最长的日全食,跨越了中国北纬约30°的广大地区,为研究太阳对地球电离层的影响提供了一次难得的机会.上海位于此次日全食带中心线附近.为此,上海佘山站、乌鲁木齐南山站和日本鹿岛站开展了VLBI联合观测实验.与此同时,TEC测量还配合使用了GPS观测站.本文介绍了此次日全食观测实验的背景、测量方案、观测实验详情和数据处理流程.根据相关处理结果,利用二维条纹搜索方法在上海一乌鲁木齐基线获得了优质干涉条纹,预示着VLBI测量取得成功.对单站GPS数据的初步分析表明.日全食食甚时刻TEC值存在快速下降.此次观测实验预期将首次获得电离层TEC变化的VLBI实测结果.并开展VLBI与GPS测量结果的比较研究.

Other AbstractThe longest total solar eclipse during the 21st century, occurred over China at latitudes of about 30°N in the moming of 22 July 2009, provides a unique opportunity to investigate the influence of the sun on the earth upper ionosphere. For Shanghai is located near the central line of the total eclipse belt,a VLBI experiment for ionospheric Total Electron Content (TEC) measurement has beencarried out with participation of Shanghai, Urumqi and Kashima stations. Meanwhile,a number of GPS receiving system are also used in the experiment. The background and methodology for the experiment are briefly described, followed by the introduction of observation details and data processing procedure. Based on the cross correlation results, good fringes have been detected on the Shanghai-Urumqi baseline with the 2 dimensional fringe searchtechnique, which indicate that the VLBI measurement of TEC was performed successfully. The data analysis of a single GPS station led to a preliminary result which shows the sudden decrease in TEC at the time of maximum eclipse. We expect to acquire the first VLBI results for TEC measurement, and compared with the results from GPS observations.
Keyword甚长基线干涉测量 全球定位系统 电离层总电子含量$日全食
Subject Area天文仪器、天文技术与数据
URL查看原文
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:3659200
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金委员会数理学部和中国科学院基础局专项经费资助
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.xao.ac.cn/handle/45760611-7/121
Collection射电天文研究室_25米望远镜运行组
射电天文研究室
Corresponding Author舒逢春
Affiliation1.中国科学院上海天文台,上海200030
2.上海市卫星遥感与测量应用中心,上海201100
3.中国科学院国家天文台乌鲁木齐天文站,乌鲁木齐830011
4.国家信息通信研究院鹿岛空间研究中心,日本茨城314-8501
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
舒逢春,郭丽,刘敏,等. 基于VLBI和GPS测量2009年7月22日日全食期间电离层TEC变化[J]. 科技导报,2009,27(15):19-24.
APA 舒逢春.,郭丽.,刘敏.,郑为民.,王伟华.,...&市川隆一.(2009).基于VLBI和GPS测量2009年7月22日日全食期间电离层TEC变化.科技导报,27(15),19-24.
MLA 舒逢春,et al."基于VLBI和GPS测量2009年7月22日日全食期间电离层TEC变化".科技导报 27.15(2009):19-24.
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