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基于ROACH2的脉冲星终端研制进展
Alternative TitleThe Progress of Pulsar Backend Development Based on ROACH2
裴鑫1,2; 李健1,2; 袁建平1,2; 温志刚1,2; 陈卯蒸1,2
2017-05-01
Source Publication天文学进展
ISSN1000-8349
Volume35Issue:2Pages:244-254
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

脉冲星观测研究一直是新疆天文台的主要研究方向,未来建设的新疆110 m口径全可动射电望远镜(简称QTT)也将其作为主要研究方向之一。南山25 m射电望远镜当前使用的脉冲星单脉冲观测终端AFB已使用近20年,系统老化严重,为升级现有单脉冲观测系统,也为QTT的终端设计做预研,基于ROACH2研制了一套脉冲星观测系统。该系统采用氢钟与GPS时间同步以提供秒起始信号,对采样时钟计数并打入数据帧以获取精准时间间隔,两者合成即可获得精确时间信息;采用共享内存缓冲区,使数据在多进程间共享实现并行实时处理。该系统可用于脉冲星单脉冲或到达时间观测,也可用于脉冲星、RRAT或FRB等搜寻。已在南山进行单脉冲、长时间折叠、FRB实时搜寻等观测试验,试验数据表明该终端准确、稳定、可靠,已达到投入观测使用的要求。

Other Abstract

Pulsar observation and research is the most important research area in Xinjiang Astronomical Observatory, and that will be the main scientific activity of the Xinjiang 110 meter fully moveable telescope (QTT for short). The pulsar single pulse observation backend used in Nanshan 25 m telescope ―AFB has been worked for almost 20 years. Meanwhile, it’s system performance declines with time. Thus, we decided to develop a new pulsar backend based on ROACH2 board not only for upgrading of current single pulse observation system but also be a pre-research for QTT backends system. Some advanced techniques have been used in this system to get a very high time precision and to accelerate the processing efficiency. We use synchronization of hydrogen clock and GPS time to make an accurate integer time in seconds. Specifically, we count the impulse of sampling clock and pack it to the data frame to get a precision decimal seconds first, and then synthesize both to obtain accurate time information. Finally using shared memory for data sharing between different process to get a real time parallel processing. This backend can be used for single pulse or lower precision timing observation, and also used for searching of pulsar, RRAT or FRB. This system has been already tested on Nanshan 25 m telescope using L band receiver, which includes single pulse, pulsar long time integration and FRB searching observation. Testing results showed that this system works well and has good precision, stability and reliability, which can be implemented for pulsar normal observation in Nanshan 25 m telescope, and also can be used for other telescopes.

Correspondent Emaillijian@xao.ac.cn
Keyword观测终端 Roach2 脉冲星观测 Frb
DOI10.3969/j.issn.1000-8349.2017.02.06
URL查看原文
Indexed ByCSCD ; 中文核心期刊要目总览
Language中文
WOS Keyword观测终端 ; Roach2 ; 脉冲星观测 ; Frb
CSCD IDCSCD:5994820
Funding Organization973 计划(2015CB857100) ; 中国科学院天文台站设备更新及重大仪器设备运行专项 ; 国家自然科学基金(11403091, 11253001, U1431230)
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.xao.ac.cn/handle/45760611-7/1806
Collection射电天文研究室_微波技术实验室
射电天文研究室
Corresponding Author李健
Affiliation1.中国科学院新疆天文台,乌鲁木齐830011
2.中国科学院射电天文重点实验室,南京210008
First Author AffilicationXinjiang Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationXinjiang Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
裴鑫,李健,袁建平,等. 基于ROACH2的脉冲星终端研制进展[J]. 天文学进展,2017,35(2):244-254.
APA 裴鑫,李健,袁建平,温志刚,&陈卯蒸.(2017).基于ROACH2的脉冲星终端研制进展.天文学进展,35(2),244-254.
MLA 裴鑫,et al."基于ROACH2的脉冲星终端研制进展".天文学进展 35.2(2017):244-254.
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