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全自动野外无人值守环境监测设备实施方案
白春海
2018-10-10
Keyword天文选址 自动采集 远程控制 Astronomical site selection automatic acquisition remote control
Subtype技术报告
Pages14
Other Abstract光学天文选址环境要满足一般的气象条件合适外,还需要较多晴夜,暗夜。野外条件艰苦又需要采集完整的数据,并具备数据自动发送和近端拷贝的需要。 在这样的选址需求面前,为能尽量减轻人员劳动强度,本方案将云量监测、夜天光监测集成于一体。因野外远离城市和聚居地,电能缺乏。但光学选址的候选区太阳能条件较好,因此供电采用太阳能加蓄电池的方式。用卡片电脑控制与各数据终端的通信。数据通信方面:远程通信采用工业3G/4G路由,用三大运营商的网络传输数据列表和发送邮件,带宽和流量允许的情况下,可往服务器自动发送数据;监测点跟前,为了调试和数据拷贝的需要,保留一个网口方便通信。通过一个月的测试,数据采集和发送都正常,邮件收取数据列表完整。到本报告编写时为止,已经完整采集数据一整年。
AbstractThe optical astronomical site selection environment should meet the general meteorological conditions, and it needs more sunny nights and dark nights. Field conditions are difficult, but it requires the collection of complete data and the need for automatic data transmission and near-end copying. In the face of such site selection requirements, in order to minimize the labor intensity of personnel, the program integrates cloud monitoring and sky quality meter. Because of the site is far from the city and the settlements, there is a lack of electricity. However, the candidate area of the optical site selection has better solar conditions, so the power supply uses the method of solar energy and battery. The card computer is used to control communication with each data terminal. Data communication: remote communication uses industrial 3G/4G routing, which uses to transmit data lists and send mail. When bandwidth and traffic are allowed, data can be automatically sent to the server; monitoring points are followed by debugging and data. For the need of copying, keep a network port for communication. After one month of testing, the data collection and transmission are normal, and the mail collection data list is complete. As of the writing of this report, data has been collected completely one year.
Alternative TitleFully automatic wild field unattended environmental monitoring equipment implementation plan
Language中文
Contribution Rank1
Report NumberXAOTR2018008
Document Type研究报告
Identifierhttp://ir.xao.ac.cn/handle/45760611-7/2707
Collection技术报告
Affiliation中国科学院新疆天文台
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
白春海. 全自动野外无人值守环境监测设备实施方案. 2018.
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