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ALMA view of the C-12/C-13 isotopic ratio in starburst galaxies
Tang, X. D.1,2,3; Henkel, C.1,3,4; Menten, K. M.3; Gong, Y.3; Martin, S.5,6; Muehle, S.7; Aalto, S.8; Muller, S.8; Garcia-Burillo, S.9; Levshakov, S.10; Aladro, R.3; Spaans, M.11; Viti, S.12; Asiri, H. M.4; Ao, Y. P.13; Zhang, J. S.14; Zheng, X. W.15; Esimbek, J.1,2; Zhou, J. J.1,2
2019-08-22
Source PublicationASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
ISSN1432-0746
Volume629Pages:A6
Contribution Rank1
AbstractWe derive molecular-gas-phase C-12/C-13 isotope ratios for the central few hundred parsecs of the three nearby starburst galaxies NGC 253, NGC 1068, and NGC 4945 making use of the lambda similar to 3 mm (CN)-C-12 and (CNN)-C-13= 1-0 lines in the ALMA Band 3. The C-12/C-13 isotopic ratios derived from the ratios of these lines range from 30 to 67 with an average of 41.6 +/- 0.2 in NGC 253, from 24 to 62 with an average of 38.3 +/- 0.4 in NGC 1068, and from 6 to 44 with an average of 16.9 +/- 0.3 in NGC 4945. The highest C-12/C-13 isotopic ratios are determined in some of the outskirts of the nuclear regions of the three starburst galaxies. The lowest ratios are associated with the northeastern and southwestern molecular peaks of NGC 253, the northeastern and southwestern edge of the mapped region in NGC 1068, and the very center of NGC 4945. In the case of NGC 1068, the measured ratios suggest inflow from the outer part of NGC 1068 into the circum-nuclear disk through both the halo and the bar. Low C-12/C-13 isotopic ratios in the central regions of these starburst galaxies indicate the presence of highly processed material.
Correspondent Emailtangxindi@xao.ac.cn; chenkel@mpifr-bonn.mpg.de
Keywordgalaxies: abundances galaxies: starburst galaxies: nuclei galaxies: ISM radio lines: ISM
DOI10.1051/0004-6361/201935603
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS KeywordCIRCUMNUCLEAR MOLECULAR GAS ; H-II REGIONS ; NEARBY GALAXIES ; DENSE GAS ; INTERSTELLAR-MEDIUM ; ACTIVE NUCLEUS ; NGC 253 ; CN ; MILLIMETER ; FORMALDEHYDE
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[11433008] ; The Heaven Lake Hundred-Talent Program of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China ; Collaborative Research Council 956 - Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences President's International Fellowship Initiative[2019VMA0039] ; National key RD program[2017YFA0402702]
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS IDWOS:000482762600006
PublisherEDP SCIENCES S A
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.xao.ac.cn/handle/45760611-7/3031
Collection中国科学院新疆天文台
Corresponding AuthorTang, X. D.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Xinjiang Astron Observ, Urumqi 830011, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Radio Astron, Urumqi 830011, Peoples R China
3.Max Planck Inst Radioastron, Hugel 69, D-53121 Bonn, Germany
4.King Abdulaziz Univ, Astron Dept, POB 80203, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
5.European Southern Observ, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Santiago 7630355, Chile
6.Joint ALMA Observ, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Santiago 7630355, Chile
7.Univ Bonn, Argelander Inst Astron, Hugel 71, D-53121 Bonn, Germany
8.Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Earth & Space Sci, Onsala Observ, S-43992 Onsala, Sweden
9.OAN IGN, Observ Madrid, Alfonso XII 3, Madrid 28014, Spain
10.Ioffe Phys Tech Inst, Polytekhn Skaya Str 26, St Petersburg 194021, Russia
11.Univ Groningen, Kapteyn Astron Inst, POB 800, NL-9700 AV Groningen, Netherlands
12.UCL, Dept Phys & Astron, Gower St, London WC1E 6BT, England
13.Chinese Acad Sci, Purple Mt Observ, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
14.Guangzhou Univ, Ctr Astrophys, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, Peoples R China
15.Nanjing Univ, Sch Astron & Space Sci, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationXinjiang Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationXinjiang Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Tang, X. D.,Henkel, C.,Menten, K. M.,et al. ALMA view of the C-12/C-13 isotopic ratio in starburst galaxies[J]. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,2019,629:A6.
APA Tang, X. D..,Henkel, C..,Menten, K. M..,Gong, Y..,Martin, S..,...&Zhou, J. J..(2019).ALMA view of the C-12/C-13 isotopic ratio in starburst galaxies.ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,629,A6.
MLA Tang, X. D.,et al."ALMA view of the C-12/C-13 isotopic ratio in starburst galaxies".ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 629(2019):A6.
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