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Burst timescales and luminosities as links between young pulsars and fast radio bursts
Nimmo, K.1,2; Hessels, J. W. T.1,2; Kirsten, F.1,3; Keimpema, A.4; Cordes, J. M.5,6; Snelders, M. P.2; Hewitt, D. M.2; Karuppusamy, R.7; Archibald, A. M.8,18; Bezrukovs, V.9; Bhardwaj, M.10,11; Blaauw, R.1; Buttaccio, S. T.12; Cassanelli, T.13,14; Conway, J. E.3; Corongiu, A.15; Feiler, R.16; Fonseca, E.10,11,17,18,27; Forssen, O.3; Gawronski, M.16; Giroletti, M.19; Kharinov, M. A.20; Leung, C.21,22; Lindqvist, M.3; Maccaferri, G.19; Marcote, B.4; Masui, K. W.21,22; Mckinven, R.13,14; Melnikov, A.20; Michilli, D.10,11,21,22; Mikhailov, A. G.20; Ng, C.13; Orbidans, A.9; Ould-Boukattine, O. S.2; Paragi, Z.4; Pearlman, A. B.10,11,23; Petroff, E.2,10,11; Rahman, M.24; Scholz, P.13; Shin, K.21,22; Smith, K. M.25; Stairs, I. H.26; Surcis, G.15; Tendulkar, S. P.27,28; Vlemmings, W.3; Wang, N.29; Yang, J.3; Yuan, J. P.29
2022-02-23
Source PublicationNATURE ASTRONOMY
ISSN2397-3366
Pages17
AbstractThe range of timescales and luminosities measured from the nearby fast radio burst FRB 20200120E observationally connects these extreme extragalactic transients with studies of Galactic neutron stars. Fast radio bursts (FRBs) are extragalactic radio flashes of unknown physical origin. Their high luminosities and short durations require extreme energy densities, such as those found in the vicinity of neutron stars and black holes. Studying the burst intensities and polarimetric properties on a wide range of timescales, from milliseconds down to nanoseconds, is key to understanding the emission mechanism. However, high-time-resolution studies of FRBs are limited by their unpredictable activity levels, available instrumentation and temporal broadening in the intervening ionized medium. Here we show that the repeating FRB 20200120E can produce isolated shots of emission as short as about 60 nanoseconds in duration, with brightness temperatures as high as 3 x 10(41) K (excluding relativistic effects), comparable with 'nano-shots' from the Crab pulsar. Comparing both the range of timescales and luminosities, we find that FRB 20200120E observationally bridges the gap between known Galactic young pulsars and magnetars and the much more distant extragalactic FRBs. This suggests a common magnetically powered emission mechanism spanning many orders of magnitude in timescale and luminosity. In this Article, we probe a relatively unexplored region of the short-duration transient phase space; we highlight that there probably exists a population of ultrafast radio transients at nanosecond to microsecond timescales, which current FRB searches are insensitive to.
Corresponding AuthorNimmo, K.(k.nimmo@uva.nl)
DOI10.1038/s41550-021-01569-9
Indexed BySCI ; SCI
Language英语
WOS KeywordPOLARIZATION ; EMISSION ; STATISTICS ; CLASSIFIER ; UNIVERSE ; PULSES
Funding ProjectEVN project[EK048] ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme[730562] ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme[101004719] ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad[AYA2016-76012-C3-1-P] ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion of the Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos of the Universitat de Barcelona (Unidad de Excelencia 'Maria de Maeztu' 2020-2023)[PID2019-105510GB-C31] ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion of the Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos of the Universitat de Barcelona (Unidad de Excelencia 'Maria de Maeztu' 2020-2023)[CEX2019-000918-M] ; US Department of Defense through the National Defense Science & Engineering Graduate Fellowship Program ; Dutch Research Council (NWO) Veni Fellowship ; Swedish Research Council ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada ; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research ; National Program on Key Research and Development Project[2017YFA0402602] ; National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program ; National Science Foundation[2008031] ; FRQNT Doctoral Research Award ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[12041304] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[11873080] ; Dunlap Institute ; Engineering Research Institute Ventspils International Radio Astronomy Centre ; NWO Vici grant[VI.C.192.045]
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS IDWOS:000760082600001
PublisherNATURE PORTFOLIO
Funding OrganizationEVN project ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion of the Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos of the Universitat de Barcelona (Unidad de Excelencia 'Maria de Maeztu' 2020-2023) ; US Department of Defense through the National Defense Science & Engineering Graduate Fellowship Program ; Dutch Research Council (NWO) Veni Fellowship ; Swedish Research Council ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada ; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research ; National Program on Key Research and Development Project ; National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program ; National Science Foundation ; FRQNT Doctoral Research Award ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Dunlap Institute ; Engineering Research Institute Ventspils International Radio Astronomy Centre ; NWO Vici grant
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.xao.ac.cn/handle/45760611-7/4505
Collection射电天文研究室_脉冲星研究团组
Corresponding AuthorNimmo, K.
Affiliation1.Netherlands Inst Radio Astron, ASTRON, Dwingeloo, Netherlands
2.Univ Amsterdam, Astron Inst Anton Pannekoek, Amsterdam, Netherlands
3.Chalmers Univ Technol, Onsala Space Observ, Dept Space Earth & Environm, Onsala, Sweden
4.Joint Inst VLBI ERIC, Dwingeloo, Netherlands
5.Cornell Univ, Dept Astron, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA
6.Cornell Univ, Cornell Ctr Astrophys & Planetary Sci, Ithaca, NY USA
7.Max Planck Inst Radio Astron, Bonn, Germany
8.Newcastle Univ, Sch Math Stat & Phys, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne & Wear, England
9.Ventspils Univ Appl Sci VUAS, Ventspils Int Radio Astron Ctr ERI VIRAC, Engn Res Inst, Ventspils, Latvia
10.McGill Univ, Dept Phys, Montreal, PQ, Canada
11.McGill Univ, McGill Space Inst, Montreal, PQ, Canada
12.Ist Radioastron Radiotelescopio Noto, Ist Nazl Astrofis, Noto, Ishikawa, Italy
13.Univ Toronto, Dunlap Inst Astron & Astrophys, Toronto, ON, Canada
14.Univ Toronto, David A Dunlap Dept Astron & Astrophys, Toronto, ON, Canada
15.Ist Nazl Astrofis, Osservatorio Astron Cagliari, Selargius, Italy
16.Nicolaus Copernicus Univ, Fac Phys Astron & Informat, Inst Astron, Torun, Poland
17.West Virginia Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Morgantown, WV 26506 USA
18.West Virginia Univ, Ctr Gravitat Waves & Cosmol, Morgantown, WV 26506 USA
19.Ist Nazl Astrofis, Ist Radioastron, Bologna, Italy
20.Russian Acad Sci, Inst Appl Astron, St Petersburg, Russia
21.MIT, Kavli Inst Astrophys & Space Res, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA
22.MIT, Dept Phys, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA
23.CALTECH, Div Phys Math & Astron, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA
24.Sidrat Res, Toronto, ON, Canada
25.Perimeter Inst Theoret Phys, Waterloo, ON, Canada
26.Univ British Columbia, Dept Phys & Astron, Vancouver, BC, Canada
27.Tata Inst Fundamental Res, Dept Astron & Astrophys, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
28.Natl Ctr Radio Astrophys, Pune, Maharashtra, India
29.Xinjiang Astron Observ, Urumqi, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Nimmo, K.,Hessels, J. W. T.,Kirsten, F.,et al. Burst timescales and luminosities as links between young pulsars and fast radio bursts[J]. NATURE ASTRONOMY,2022:17.
APA Nimmo, K..,Hessels, J. W. T..,Kirsten, F..,Keimpema, A..,Cordes, J. M..,...&Yuan, J. P..(2022).Burst timescales and luminosities as links between young pulsars and fast radio bursts.NATURE ASTRONOMY,17.
MLA Nimmo, K.,et al."Burst timescales and luminosities as links between young pulsars and fast radio bursts".NATURE ASTRONOMY (2022):17.
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